PHYSIOLOGY OF ADULT HOMO SAPIENS - ENDOCRINOLOGY
(see also diseases of the endocrine apparatus)

Table of contents :


  • epiphysis / pineal gland 
  • hypothalamus 
  • hypophysis / pituitary gland 
  • thyroid 
  • parathyroids 
  • adipose tissue 
  • brown adipose tissue
  • endocrine kidney 
  • endocrine myocardium
  • enteroendocrine system 
  • adrenal glands 
  • endocrine gonads 
  • endocrine placenta

  • Summary of hormonal effect on biopolymers :
     
    carbohydrates
    glycogenosynthesis => hypoglycemia
    gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis => hyperglycemia
    insulin
    cortisol (but induces gluconeogenesis)
    glucagon (only on hepatocytes) 
    adrenalin
    growth hormone (GH)
    T3
    lipids
    lipolysis => hyperlipidemia
    lipogenesis
    growth hormone (GH)
    glucagon
    cortisol
    insulin
    proteins
    proteolysis
    proteosynthesis (incretion is stimulated by essential amino acids)
    cortisol growth hormone (GH)
    IGF-1
    insulin
    Web resources : BioMedNet Endocrinology Gateway

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