Regional Integration Processes and International Cooperation since 1989 (Portuguese)
Editors: Marianne Wiesebron and Richard T. Griffiths
Since the end of the Cold War, the amount of free trade agreements and integration processes has been experiencing formidable growth. Is it an automatic consequence of globalisation or a reaction to it? What is the role of the World Trade Organisation and multilateral negotiations in shaping agreements? Is there a difference between the liberalisation and /or integration processes of OECD countries and those of the Third World? Are these agreements really consistent or do they mean cyclical movements?
Rethinking International Relations (Portuguese)
Author: Fred Halliday
In his first book translated into Portuguese, Fred Halliday develops both an exciting and refreshing theoretical discussion about International Relations and an application of this theory about the international system that is emerging with the end of the Cold War. In a broad-spectrum review, he identifies a deadlock in International Relations theory: if the debate has been raging around the nation-state, and regarding the definition of methodological goals, Halliday seeks to overcome this double deadlock through a new theorising of the role of the nation-state and a critique of the analyses of English realism, American behaviourism, neorealism, and postmodernism. Through a critical discussion of issues such as the state, society, revolution and women, and the rescue of Marxism in international studies, the author proposes new approaches and frames the events of the last decade of world politics.
Brazil and the League of Nations (Portuguese)
Author: Eugenio Vargas Garcia
This book examines Brazil’s participation in the League of Nations, a subject little addressed by researchers in our diplomatic history, and which is a true paradigm of an unrealistic attempt by a peripheral and extremely fragile nation in terms of power to participate in a governing body of a worldwide organisation. In addition to exploring the post-World War I international conjuncture, the book uncovers the decision-making process and worldview of declining First Republic elites on the world stage. Finally, the work shows us how were the daily negotiations within the League.
The Foreign Policy of the Brazilian Military Regime (1964-1985) (Portuguese)
Author: Paulo Fagundes Vizentini
The author analyses the foreign policy of the Brazilian Military Regime as diplomacy focused on the industrial development process by import substitution and the national strengthening on the world level, aiming at building a medium power. The profile of such foreign policy is characterised by the multilateralisation and globalisation of Brazil’s international presence during the period 1964-1985, in the context of the increasing search for autonomy, especially vis-à-vis the USA. These characteristics show traces of continuity with the Independent Foreign Policy, albeit from the perspective of the absence of internal social reforms and an authoritarian and conservative political system.
International Relations and Brazilian Foreign Policy (Portuguese)
Author: Paulo Roberto de Almeida
This work analyses, in its first part, the theoretical questions related to the conceptions of the formulators and executors of Brazilian foreign policy, as well as the interpretative paradigms elaborated by the academics on the subject. In the second part, international relations, addresses the practical reality of foreign policy, throughout the country’s
history, from the colonial period to the present. In addition to the periodisation of this evolution, it addresses fundamental issues such as Brazil’s international economic insertion, the position of national political parties on foreign relations, from the Vargas era to the present, and international acts signed by Brazil.
Five Hundred Years on the Periphery (Portuguese)
Author: Samuel Pinheiro Guimarães
In this book, Ambassador Samuel Pinheiro Guimarães critically analyses the restructuring of the post-Cold War world order as an attempt to assert a new American hegemony, as well as new power structures that this instrumentalises. Once the emerging world system has been defined, the author addresses the implications of the peripheral status of the great Third World states, particularly Brazil. Finally, drawing on his extensive diplomatic and intellectual experience, the author discusses the problems associated with hemispheric integration, particularly the tensions between the underlying conceptions of the FTAA and Mercosur.
China and Southeast Asia (Portuguese)
Author: Paulo Antônio Pereira Pinto
China’s reform and policy of openness since the 1970s has had remarkable effects on the country’s economic development and international insertion, raising its level as a power. Within the framework of this complex phenomenon, one of the fundamental but, paradoxically, little known issues is the relationship of the People’s Republic of China with the prosperous Chinese diaspora, particularly of Southeast Asia. The shift from the emphasis of class struggle to modernisation and national reconciliation, proposed by Deng Xiaoping, was accompanied by the resumption of traditional Chinese values such as Confucianism and nationalism. In this way, China’s politics and economy have shifted focus primarily to their area of cultural influence, improving diplomatic relations, economic cooperation and stimulating regional stability.
Mercosur and its Regional and International Context (Spanish)
Author: Jacques Ginesta
This book addresses the key features of the regional and international contexts to be considered in order to arrive at an adequate understanding of the national and regional forces and interests that were the roots of Mercosur, and which are currently the root of advances and crises of the latest Latin-American integrationist experience. An analysis is also made of the options open to this sub-regional space in Latin America and its relations with the European Union and the American Free Trade Area (FTAA). The book has also a statistical appendix and a Mercosur chronology.
From Import to Export Substitution (Portuguese)
Author: Heloísa Conceição Machado da Silva
This work, centred on the role played by foreign trade policy from 1945 to 1979, fills an important gap in studies on Brazil’s foreign economic policy. It can be seen throughout the text, the existence of two common features of foreign economic policy in the period in focus. The first was marked by the deterioration of terms of trade, the relative inelasticity of demand for primary products, the need for exchange rate appreciation and the imposition of selective import control as a means of preventing foreign sector bottlenecks from paralysing exports and hindering the industrialisation process. In the second, from 1964 to 1979, it was found that the industrial development of the previous decades suggested a change of focus in the Brazilian foreign trade policy. It would now have a complementary model to the imports substitution model, that is, the exports substitution model. Based on consistent archive research, Heloísa Machado’s work remains a fundamental reference for understanding the phases of Brazilian foreign trade policy.