28 de November de 2015

Strategy, Defence & International Relations Series



Defence Diplomacy in International Politics (2018, Portuguese)


Author: Antonio Ruy de Almeida Silva

The publication addresses the complexity of defence diplomacy. Contrary to conventional analysis, the book discusses defence diplomacy through International Relations Theory, in particular the English School approach and its emphasis on the existence of an international society. This innovative theoretical approach makes it possible to differentiate defence diplomacy from other initiatives such as military diplomacy and military cooperation. The non-coercive role played by the Armed Forces and later also by the Ministries of Defence has a long history. Diplomacy and instruments of force have always walked together in international politics. The argument defended is that the military and civilians constitute the human resources acting in the ambit of the Ministries of Defence and the Armed Forces actively participate in social practices of diplomatic character, constituting a diplomacy with specific characteristics, here called defence diplomacy. The book also discusses the diversity of defence diplomacy in both the Global North and South, including Brazil, as well as its specificities in the Cold War and post-Cold War. NERINT/Escola Superior de Guerra/Palmarinca, 2018, 220p.

The Foreign Policy Guide of African States (2018, Portuguese)


Authors: Paulo Fagundes Visentini and NERINT/CEBRAFRICA’s Team

International policy analyses regarding the African states generally address their relations with the major powers. Rather, major powers relations with the nations of Africa, where the latter appear to be weak and passive elements. Little is said about the foreign policy and international vision of these young states, some of which are still in the early stages of consolidation. To enrich the understanding of African diplomacy and conflict, we developed the project “Formation and Development of the Inter-African System of International Relations (1957-2015)”. The initial step of this latest research was to conduct an inventory of African states' foreign policy from their independence until 2015. The richness and originality of the information obtained, organised and analysed has stimulated the publication of this Guide, which is an important tool for all international relations scholars studying the African continent. The entries for each country were organised around insertion into each relevant integration process: SADC (Southern Africa), ECCAS (Central Africa), ECOWAS (West Africa), EAF (East Africa), IGAD (Northeast Africa), COMESA (Eastern and Southern Africa) and AMU (Northern Africa). An introduction about each regional body precedes the entry for each state in the region. Thus, the objective of this work is to present to academics in Brazil and in the Portuguese-speaking nations of Africa (PALOPs) the role of African states in international politics, in both at the world and continental levels. NERINT/Palmarinca, 2018, 329p.

African (In)Security and its Importance for Brazilian National Defence (2016, Portuguese)


Authors: Paulo Fagundes Visentini, Eduardo Glaser Migon and Analúcia Danilevicz Pereira (Eds.)

Brazil’s current strategic defence environment already incorporates Africa. From 1960 to 1990 the continent experienced conflicts linked to the formation of its nation-states and to intense Cold War clashes. Closing the bipolar dispute could alleviate the conflict. What happened, however, was the outbreak of new forms of armed shocks (internal), the continuation of old disputes under new guise, and a high intensity interstate war involving several nations in Central Africa. The reasons for such conflicts and geopolitical reordering lie in the local impact of changes in the world system. Instead of observing such events as proof that the continent could not disengage itself from constant fratricidal struggles, it turns out that African political forces were able to establish a new correlation of forces. They momentarily gained autonomy and, as on all continents, the formation of the national state depended on the violence of imposing groups. Such conflicts have created new political conditions for African development, as well as awareness of the continent’s need to resolve its own conflicts as far as possible. In 2002 the African Union was created, having its peacekeeping missions which were born from the experience of the previous difficult decade. However, despite the virtuous early decade of the 21st century, Africa would once again be the stage of
conflicts in the second decade, with disputes between old and new powers, projection of American power, interventions, terrorism and piracy. It is a scenario that undeniably affects Brazil’s security and defence. Globalisation and intense relations between the two shores of the Atlantic have expanded Brazil's strategic surroundings, now including Africa. NERINT/Instituto Meira Mattos, 2016, 240p.

Environmentalism and Indigenism: Roraima as a laboratory for international regimes (2016, Portuguese)


Author: Getúlio de Souza Cruz

The book brings the author’s experience and innovative reflections on the profound transformations that occurred in the Amazonian spaces of the North of Brazil, from the analysis of the concept of state sovereignty and its changes in the face of globalisation and its contradictions. The book shows that the Federal State has made strong strides in the conception of its regional development policies since the 1930s. They are expressed from Getúlio Vargas’ national developmental conception (1930) and its various shades that extend into the early 1990s, focused on promoting economic growth; in the demographic occupation of space; the integration of these spaces into the South-Southeast of the country and national security; and, in a second moment, with 1990s, turning to the ideologies of environmental sustainability and indigenous human rights, under evident influences of the so-called International Regimes of Environment and Indigenous Human Rights. Getúlio shows that, based on the technologies currently available in the region, these regimes translate into deep restrictions on the productive use of the territory, particularly of the Roraima space, without the resulting opportunity costs having any compensatory mechanism. Deadlocks accumulate and disruptions will occur, possibly in the absence of state control. NERINT/Leitura XXI, 2016, 242p.

Constants and Variations: Brazil’s multilateral diplomacy (2015, Portuguese)


Author: Gelson Fonseca Jr.

One of the striking features of Brazilian foreign policy has been the defence and promotion of multilateralism. Multilateral engagement is evident and has multiple expressions, especially at the United Nations. Against this background, this book suggests a few questions. What does fidelity to multilateralism mean? A conceptual discussion of multilateralism allows us to discern the scope and consequences of the Brazilian option. When is the option for multilateralism designed? What are your historical roots? Why do Brazil’s performance standards vary? Was the engagement over these 70 years at the United Nations worth it? Will we achieve the goal of a permanent seat on the Security Council? These and other questions are found in this book, which is not intended to deliver finished answers, but indications on how to begin elaborating the answers. NERINT/Leitura XXI, 2015, 210 p.


The North-American Independence: war, revolution and logistics (2013, Portuguese)


Author: Érico Esteves Duarte

Awarded as the Best Thesis by the Ministry of Defence in 2009, this work presents the relationship between war and society by Carl Von Clausewitz’s War Theory and develops such an approach by analysing the preparation and conduct of the United States War of Independence, won by use of the people in weapons, guerrillas and terror. Unlike most revolutions, American exceptionalism lies in being a rare success story, which blends in with the character and culture of its people. NERINT/Leitura XXI, 2013, 248 p.


Capa Revolutions and Marxist Regimes: ruptures, experiences and international impact (2013, Portuguese)


Authors: Paulo G. Fagundes Visenitini, A. D. Pereira, J. M. Martins, L. D. Ribeiro and L. G. Gröhmann

Since the publication of the book History of Marxism (12 volumes) by Eric Hobsbawm, three decades ago, Brazil has lacked an academic systematisation study on the subject. Thus, the present book on the history of Marxist Revolutions and Regimes seeks to cover this huge gap, which is all the more serious because the collapse of Soviet socialism at the time was approached from a journalistic and ideologised perspective. This narrative turned out to be the last chapter of the “End of History”. However, there is now enough historical and political detachment, as well as the production of serious specific academic studies, based on new documentation available. It is not a matter of “taking sides”, but of understanding a complex reality about which much was expressed and little was known. NERINT/Leitura XXI, 2013, 408 p.