DISCIPLINAS ELETIVAS

ECP 0050 – ECOSYSTEM ECOLOGY (2 credits)

Profa. Dra. Luciane Crossetti

Ecosystems: history and concepts. Organization at the level of ecosystems: structure and function, dynamics and homeostatic mechanisms. Types of ecosystems. Energy fluxes and biogeochemical cycles. Anthropogenic influences and bases for recovery.

ECP 0050 – FIELD ECOLOGY (6 credits)

ECP 0051 – LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY (3 credits)

Prof. Dr. Fernando Becker

Landscape ecology: conceptual and theoretical bases, factors that influence the establishment of the landscape, structure, function, dynamics, exchanges and notions of management. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and their methodological importance in Landscape Ecology.

ECP 0078 – AQUATIC ECOLOGY (4 credits)

Profa. Luciane Crossetti

Structure and function of aquatic ecosystems. Typology and lakes according to thermal balance, nutrient balance and community composition. Pollution in standing water, eutrophication, and sanitation methods. Concepts and typologies of rivers, regimes and basins in different climatic regions. River pollution and other biological assessment systems. Water and sewage treatment

ECP 0084 – STATISTICS APPLIED TO ECOLOGY II (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Valério Pillar

Multivariate analysis in Ecology, numerical ecology. Application of statistical methods for the analysis of biological, quantitative and qualitative data, in the various fields of the ecological area.

ECP 0098 – SPECIAL TOPICS APPLIED TO ECOLOGY (2 credits)

Variable topics, aiming at the participation of visiting professors, guest specialists or even permanent professors of the Course, in the search for approaching themes relevant to the formation of students.

ECP 00105 – ADVANCED TOPICS IN QUANTITATIVE ECOLOGY (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Valério Pillar

The problem of phenomena perception in vegetation ecology; the scale effect and categorization criteria; analysis and prediction of spatial and temporal patterns and processes in vegetation; character-based community analysis; application of fuzzy logic; probabilistic inference; mathematical models; evaluation and optimization of methods; use of applications for computer analysis.

ECP 00107 – MOLECULAR ECOLOGY (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Thales de Freitas

Origin of phylogeography and Molecular Ecology. Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Microsatellites. Techniques for detecting variants at the DNA level. Migration estimation, population structure and population size. Forensic identification in threatened species. Conservation genetics. Hybridization. Habitat fragmentation and its relationship with molecular markers.

ECP 00118 – HUMAN ECOLOGY AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (3 credits)

Prof. Dr. Renato Silvano

Human Ecology, Ethnobiology (Ethnoecology and Ethnotaxonomy), basic concepts, natural resource management by human populations; applications of Ecology concepts and theories in the study of human behavior; Cultural Ecology: food taboos and restrictions; Methodology in human ecology studies (interviews).

ECP 00120 – WRITING SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Fernando Becker

Organization of scientific work; main formatting conventions; simple writing techniques; automatic generation/formatting of citations and bibliographic references; the publishing process.

ECP 00121 – BIOMARKERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL DIAGNOSIS AND MONITORING (2 credits)

Profa. Dra. Vera Vargas

Impacts of environmental toxic agents on living systems and ecosystem processes; biomarkers to assess the presence of environmental toxic agents through different biological effects; physical, chemical and biological approaches strategies in different environmental compartments; genetic biomarkers for early assessment of changes in environmental quality. Effects on human health due to exposure to toxic and genotoxic agents in the environment; application of biomarkers for environmental legislation.

ECP 00128 – CONSERVATION AND BIODIVERSITY (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Andreas Kindel e Prof. Dr. Demetrio Guadagnin

Conservation: integrating theory and ethics into practice and vice versa. Anthropocene: the human being as a biosphere transformation factor and its consequences on populations and communities. What to do and why: values and ethics. Management of populations, communities and landscapes: “invasive” species, threatened species, protected areas and landscape connectivity. Management practices: available approaches and instruments for diagnosis, planning strategies and monitoring/assessment of effectiveness.

ECP 00129 – ECOLOGY OF INTERACTIONS BETWEEN PLANTS AND ANIMALS (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Milton Mendonça Junior

Nature, evolutionary and ecological aspects of interactions between animals and plants. Herbivory, pollination, seed dispersal. Interactions between animals and plants in time and space (metacommunities). Discussion of current and historical hypotheses in the literature on animal-plant interactions. Importance of animal-plant interactions for human societies. Conservation biology of animal-plant interactions.

ECP 00130 – PHYLOGENETIC ECOLOGY OF COMMUNITIES (4 credits)

Prof. Dr. Leandro Duarte

Phylogenetic and functional approaches in ecology. Phylogenetic grouping and repulsion. Phylogenetic diversity. Philobeta diversity. Phylogenetic composition. Phylogenetic patterns in metacommunities. The use of phylogenetic trees in ecology. Metrics of phylogenetic structure and diversity. Phylogenetic structure of communities. Phylogenetic sign. Niche phylogenetic conservation.

ECP 00132 – RESTAURATION ECOLOGY (3 credits)

Profa. Dra. Sandra Müller e Prof. Dr. Gerhard Overbeck

The course includes theoretical and applied approaches to Restoration Ecology, concepts, models, methodologies and tools for practices in ecological restoration. The course starts with the theoretical foundations of Restoration Ecology: a science that supports ecological restoration practices. Concepts and themes currently recognized by the academic community will be discussed, comprising ecological, technical and human values. In addition, articles on restoration ecology will be discussed, using examples from Brazilian ecosystems and some other successful projects known around the world.
brasileiros e alguns outros projetos de sucesso conhecidos mundo afora.

ECP 00136 – PROGRAMMING AND TOOLS IN THE ENVIRONMENT R (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Adriano Melo

What is programming. Philosophy of R. Basic usage (arithmetic operations, assignment, use of functions, arguments, decimal place, desktop, history, script). Creation of functions written in R. Types of objects. Boolean tests. Coercion. Condition evaluation. Extraction and replacement of object elements. Names. Sampling. Cycles. Other useful tools for Ecologists.

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ECP 00138 – INTRODUCTION TO PRJECT DESING IN ECOLOGY (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Leandro  Duarte

Applying the scientific method in ecological studies. Translating observations into hypotheses and predictions. Types of projects in Ecology. Project design based on hypotheses. Basic notions of sampling. Types of sampling. Sample universe. Notions of scale. Defining project variables.

ECP 00139 – MANAGEMENT OF BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES (3 credits)

Prof. Dr. Demetrio Guadagnin

O conceito de recurso. Recursos em populações silvestres. Caça. Pesca. Extrativismo. Usos indiretos. Produtos florestais. A biodiversidade como um recurso. O conceito de exploração. O conceito de sustentabilidade. Motivações para a exploração. Representações sobre exploração. Evolução da exploração. Dinâmica e regulação de populações. Mortalidade aditiva e compensatória. Predação. Métodos de estimação e parâmetros. Avaliação e manejo de condições. Efeitos da exploração em populações, comunidades e ecossistemas. Regulação da exploração. Manejo de habitats e paisagens. Manejo de populações e interações. Manejo adaptativo, participativo e comunitário. Juízos morais sobre a exploração. Nossa relação com os animais e a biodiversidade.

ECP 00142 – INTRODUCTION TO HIERARCHICAL MODELLING (3 credits)

Prof. Dr. Gonçalo Ferraz

This course presents principles of statistical modeling and estimation of population parameters based on real data and simulated data. The program starts from the distinction between theoretical and empirical work, addresses the importance of uncertainty in ecology and exemplifies the adjustment of statistical models to data under the Bayesian or Maximum Likelihood perspective. The modeling examples will use untagged animal count, tag and recapture, and species detection data. On the last day, we will discuss the usefulness of parameter estimation for monitoring and managing biodiversity. In the morning we will have two hours of theoretical classes and in the afternoon two and a half hours of practical classes, with breaks in both sessions. The practical component will be entirely developed in the R environment.

ECP 00143 – INTROCUTION TO R 

Dr. Vanderlei Debastiani

The basic concepts of programming and data manipulation functions will be presented. The main types of data structure, logical operations, mathematical functions and exploratory analysis, data import, indexing and results export will be discussed.

ECP 00144 – INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS

Dr. Vanderlei Debastiani

The main points observed are review of the main mathematical concepts in statistics, presentation and description of data, probability distributions and interpretation of confidence intervals and statistical tests.

ECP 00145 – MACROEVOLUTION AND COMPARATIVE METHODS (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Renan Maestri

Macroevolutionary theory. Phylogenies and the comparative phylogenetic method. Lineage diversification models. Manipulating phylogenies and comparative data in R. Models of quantitative phenotypic evolution: Brownian motion, independent contrasts, PGLS. Phylogenetic Sign. Other continuous models: Ornstein-Uhlenbeck, Early-Burst, selection of evolutionary models. Multi-rate and multi-regime models. Multivariate comparative methods. Phenotypic disparity over time, evolutionary rates. Estimation of ancestral states.

ECP 00146 – MORPHOLOGICAL ECOLOGY AND GEOMETRIC MORPHOMETRY (2 credits)

Prof. Dr. Renan Maestri

Fundamentals of Morphological Ecology and Biometrics. What is the theory of form and what is the importance of phenotypic covariation in ecology and morphological evolution. Tools for analyzing the shape of organisms, geometric morphometry and everything that surrounds it: methods with landmarks and semi-landmarks and main statistical analysis in morphometry. The importance of size: concepts and applications in allometry and ontogeny. General concepts of quantitative genetics, morphological integration and modularity. Applications of comparative methods in a multivariate context. Practical component using applications for computer analysis.

ECP 00147- EVOLUÇÃO E SIGNIFICADO ECOLÓGICO DO METABOLISMO SECUNDÁRIO DE PLANTAS (3 CRÉDITOS)

Prof. Dr. Geraldo Soares

Discipline whose objective is to present the main routes of secondary plant metabolism and discuss the evolutionary and ecological role of the produced substances. The following topics will be addressed: characterization, biosynthesis and evolution of phenylpropanoids (phenolic derivatives), characterization, biosynthesis and evolution of alkaloids, characterization, biosynthesis and evolution of terpenoids, chemoevolutionary nodes, distinctive chemical characteristics in plant rates, chemical signaling, adaptive value of secondary metabolites in interactions between plants and associated biota, chemical adaptation to environmental stresses. These topics will be organized in theoretical classes and also presented in seminars. plant rates chemical signaling, adaptive value of secondary metabolites in interactions between plants and associated biota, chemical adaptation to environmental stresses. These topics will be organized in theoretical classes and also presented in seminars.

ECP 00140 – ADVANCED STATISTICAL METHODS IN ECOLOGU AND EVOLUTION (4 credits)

Provide an overview of modern statistical modeling of ecological processes and the main univariate data analysis methods used in Ecology and Evolution.