PNS-2019 includes new topics such as parenting, male prenatal participation, sexual activity, and working conditions. It was launched on Monday, August 26, the stage of collecting information from the PNS-2019 at the headquarters of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in Rio de Janeiro.
The National Health Survey (PNS-2019) is the research developed by (IBGE) in partnership with the Ministry of Health, whose main objectives are to identify the health conditions of the population, aspects related to access to health services and actions, their exposure to risk factors and protection against chronic diseases, as well as situations that characterize lifestyle with repercussion on health.
The PNS-2019 is conducted from interviews in a set of 100,000 households, statistically sampled, and consists of a questionnaire consisting of two parts: one with information on the household and its respective residents; and one directed to only one of the residents, aged 15 or in some cases 18 or older, selected to answer specific information about their health, and also to have their anthropometric data collected.
One of the major bets and news of the current edition of the research is the possibility of identifying how access to the Primary Health Care services in the country has been made through the use of the reduced and statistically validated version of the instrument called PCAT-Primary Care Assessment Tool.
PCAT was developed by researchers from Johns Hopkins University, located in the United States, and validated for the Brazilian context in the 2000s.
From this instrument it is possible – considering the view of PHC users themselves – to identify the presence and extension of the so-called Primary Health Care attributes. PHC attributes can be understood as characteristics that, the more present in actions and services. operationalized by PHC, the major the likelihood that the health system will be better organized, solve most health problems and produce better health outcomes for the population. The essential attributes of PHC are first contact access, longitudinality, coordination and comprehensiveness.
The items for each of them, or their respective group of items, result in an overall PHC quality score.
Thus, in addition to the possibility that the PNS-2019 brings us to have a picture of Brazilian PHC from the perspective of each citizen of the country, it will also be possible to compare Brazilian PHC with the attention offered elsewhere in the world, considering which countries as Canada, Spain and the United States have already used the instrument.
Therefore, the expectation for the results of the Brazilian National Health Survey is very positive, considering the opportunity that the Ministry of Health will/can/could have a baseline of the health situation of Brazilians and also to mesure the National Health System (SUS) actions and services offers, so that the potentialities and weaknesses of the services can be identified, and so could/ can subsidize the decisions-making in the direction of correction and reinforcement of what has been working in public health policies.
It is also noteworthy, the opportunity that each of the Brazilians have, when opening the doors to IBGE agents, to vocalize how their access to the health system services has been giving, and to contribute to obtaining an overview of the health situation. from the country.
All IBGE research agents will be identified with the badge and will use electronic data collection equipment (handheld). Residents will be able to confirm the interviewer’s identity by calling toll free 0800-721-8181.
Remember that users who have questions about the research process can also access the Ombudsman of the Ministry of Health, from 136. It is also important to clarify that, at the time of the interview, citizens may receive guidance on the possible need to health services to look for. Information collection started now is expected to end in February 2020, and the participation of each of the selected users will make all the difference in getting a picture of the health of the entire country, visiting more than 100,000 households in all Brazilian regions.
We would like to thank Suzanne Haziot, a Brazilian who speaks three languages fluently, who has been living in Geneva for 15 years, who has voluntarily translated this version into English.
*Module H integrates the set of other questions and Modules of the PNS-2019 (IBGE), available in Portuguese at: https://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/instrumentos_de_coleta/doc5569.pdf [accessed on January 20th of 2020], and was translated into English considering the same original formatting of the instrument by professors Luiz Felipe Pinto & Lisiane Hauser, and made available on February 10, 2020.
Source: Brazilian Ministry of Health, available in portuguese from: http://aps.saude.gov.br/noticia/5614 (access on 16 Sept 2019)~